Iguanas are cold blooded reptiles. They are not easy to care for and often die in captivity. You should never purchase an iguana without careful consideration. You need to ensure that they have the proper heat and lighting conditions, that they are taken good care of and that their cage offers them enough room. Before acquiring an iguana you must learn a couple of things about their living conditions. I believe the following information are sufficiently helpful:
Give your iguana a lot of proper light: Iguanas need lots of natural special light so they can absorb enzymes and vitamins, vital to their health. U.V.B. and U.V.A light. Proper light allows your iguana to absorb vitamin D, the lack of which causes digestion problems to your pet, that might end deadly. Don’t worry though. Most pet shops sell fluorescent lamps, designed just for this reason.
Adequate heat: These reptiles are native to warm climates and, understandable, cannot survive low temperatures. It is important to have a heat lamp in your iguana’s cage, in order to keep it warm. Average temperature needed on a day to day basis is between 35 to 40 degrees.
Prepare your iguana’s home: You’ll need a nice and large house for your iguana. The biggest mistake would be to buy an aquarium and try to adjust it. Even the largest aquarium is not big enough, even for your baby iguana. A good size for an adult iguana cage is 1×1,8 m and approximately 2 m. high. This should give even an adult iguana some space to move around.
Other things to consider for your iguana’s cage: Iguanas love to climb. Buy or find some large branches for it to climb. You should probably, also, buy a humidifier to put moisture into the air.
Feed your iguana properly: Iguanas are vegetarians. Feed your pet a variety of dark green leafy vegetables, that will keep it healthy. It is important to ask the pet shop for recommended food for your iguana or even buy a specialized book. Iguanas also need a lot of fresh water. Be sure to change the water frequently, otherwise you risk having a sick pet.
You should always remember that with proper care an iguana can live more than 20 years. And don’t forget, iguanas are reptiles that grow very fast!