A trained dog is not only a well-behaved dog, but also with a great relationship with his owner. Training your pet can help you better understand the way he behaves and how he feels. However, you must be careful to set some boundaries, in order to avoid misunderstandings during the training sessions, for example the belief that it is ok to chew your shoes or the couch. Indeed, training helps preventing behavior problems, such as digging and jumping, and boosts your dogs confidence towards you.
As soon as your dog graduates from obedience training (with distinction, of course!), there are advanced training techniques that may be of interest to both you and your dog. The agility training is great exercise for your dog (and for you) and there are events in which you can participate. Moreover, your dog can train to be a therapy dog or a guide dog. It is clear that training isn’t only for obedience and to create a well behaved dog, but also it creates opportunities that you and your dog can share together.
Basic obedience commands:
Hold a little treat in front of your dog’s head.
Say the command “Sit!”and move the treat towards your dog’s head.
As you move the treat, your dog must of course sit down. If not, the next time, you can gently push him downward, while saying the command “Sit!”.
Practice the command many times daily and praise and reward your dog with cuddles and treats when he obeys the command.
Tell your dog to sit and put a treat or a favourite game in front of him.
Say the command “Leave it!” and keep your hand near he object.
If your dog moves near the object, cover it with your hand and once again say “Leave it!”.
Take your hand away and wait some seconds.
Reward your dog and practice the command daily, in order to achieve a faster reaction.
Tell your dog to sit in front of us, while wearing a leash of 1-2 metres, and hold a treat.
Say “Look at me!” in order to hold his attention.
Lean slightly and lightly tapping your thighs say the command “Come!”.
Pull lightly your dog’s leash guide it gently towards you.
Reward your dog with praises and a treat.
Practice the command this way for at least a week or more and then, in a secluded area, like your garden, start practicing the command without the leash.
Tell your puppy to sit beside you.
Place the palm of your hand vertically in front of your dog’s face and say “Stay!”.
Walk one or two steps away.
If your dog moves return calmly and repeat the command. Keep moving if your dog obeys the command.
Reward your dog every time he stays, even for a few seconds.
Tell your dog to sit in front of you.
Show him a treat and slowly slowly move it towards the floor, saying “Down”.
If the dog won’t get into a lying down position, put your hand gently on his shoulder and push him gently down.
Praise the dog and let him eat the treat when he lies down.
There are many different ways to train a dog. The commands described above are basic commands and your dog’s trainer may use different approaches. In addition to instructions and commands during training, you can address questions to your dog to help him socialize more easily. You can start training your dog on your own, but it is recommended your pet receives at least basic obedience training from an expert trainer.